Moving into 2020, there are a number of Cloud computing challenges that both public and private sectors continue to wrestle with, namely: resourcing, data sovereignty and choice of Cloud provider. As with many aspects of IT they are related and, in some cases, will need to be solved together.
Tackling resources and maintaining flexibility within IR35
Many Cloud and IT professionals choose to be contractors, and with IR35 increasingly applying to private as well as public sector, many organisations are now contemplating how to tackle this.
Well over a year ago, the UK saw the tightening of IR35 legislation. This had a big impact on contractors within the public sector. As a result, many of them were forced out. This exodus left public sector organisations scrambling to find enough technically skilled people to support their transitions to the Cloud.
Here at Clearvision, as a managed services company, we continue to see high demand from the public sector to provide either professional services or contractors because there are simply not enough skilled people in the market. And with technology moving on so rapidly, many organisations are struggling to keep up.
So, what will the impact be? Whilst to date this has largely been confined to the public sector, from April 2020 we are expecting to see its expansion into the private sector too. Some private sector contractors are transitioning to become permanent staff, with those wanting to maintain the flexibility of contracting looking for opportunities elsewhere. We have already seen a wave of large organisations rolling out blanket policies on the use of contractors within their respective organisations, with many more expressing concerns over the distinction between permanent employees and contractors.
IR35 has created a difficult landscape to navigate and will see the tightening-up of HMRC’s enforcement of its rules on off-payroll working. Managed service providers, like Clearvision, present organisations with the means to secure the specialist and skilled resources their projects require, with the burden of making IR35 determinations passed to the managed service provider as the fee-payer.
Public versus private Cloud, and data sovereignty
A variety of Cloud challenges continue to dominate both public and private sectors. In the public sector, the challenge is mostly around data sovereignty (the location of data). Previously the big providers, AWS and Azure, struggled to make their mark in the public sector because they weren’t able to meet the stringent security requirements demanded by closed environments. As a result, UK Cloud has largely dominated government approved Cloud environments – and here at Clearvision we work closely with them. Today however, we are seeing an increasing shift and the playing field is starting to level out with AWS and Azure now able to provide these very secure public sector environments.
In the private sector, squabbles between the US and Europe around the Safe Harbour agreement in 2016 caused waves in how and where data should be stored. However, in late 2016, the European Commission accepted the new US Privacy Shield as a way of certifying data in a safe place if not held in a local country, as most companies that remain protective of their data prefer to keep it within the country of origin.
Likewise, SaaS providers need to be wary of suffering from similar challenges around conforming to data compliance regulations. When customers choose a Cloud SaaS vendor to store data, this may be outsourced to a provider such as AWS or Azure for the physical infrastructure, giving the customer little idea of where their data is primarily located. Depending on the location where vendors’ SaaS applications run worldwide, this could potentially breach compliance regulations. Customers should therefore look to choose a SaaS provider that can ensure compliance around where data is stored.
Also, when it comes to data sovereignty, many organisations don’t realise that when you sign up with a Cloud provider that data could be sent to another country for additional data centre capacity. Even if primary data is held in the country of origin, when capacity hits certain limits providers could do this. And companies may find that, while their primary data might be held in the country of origin, their backups might be held in another data centre in a different country.
Choosing the right Cloud provider
While Cloud providers all operate under a shared responsibility model, they differ in their offerings, each with unique strengths and weaknesses.
To navigate these challenges, organisations need to understand the dynamics.
Dominating the market are the big two — Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Microsoft Azure. Comparing the two, AWS still has the largest customer footprint and has been around longer, with particular success in marketing their solution in the non-Microsoft world. Where Microsoft steals a march on AWS is in everything related to the Microsoft Enterprise ecosystem found in most organisations.
If you look at the numbers, Azure appears to be expanding faster than AWS.
However, when you look closer, it’s largely organisations that are operating a Microsoft 365 environment who are starting to get into Cloud. In this environment they often get licences for free off the back of Microsoft 365 agreements.
In our experience, AWS environments are stronger in terms of functionality. We also find these are solid implementations—particularly in the software development world and in mature enterprises. That said, Microsoft is expanding its tools and facilities, and soon there will be very little difference between the two. If organisations are already a Microsoft shop it makes sense to go with Azure, despite the obvious strengths offered by AWS.
However, we believe many organisations will adopt a hybrid position where both AWS and Azure are commonplace Cloud providers. Despite this causing another challenge for organisations. Recruiting skilled resources for Cloud and doing this effectively for either AWS or Azure is hard. This is where the value in finding a trusted partner really comes into its own, whose business model is to provide bespoke, fully-managed services for applications and Cloud environments.
In conclusion, Cloud makes things simpler in the long run. But resourcing, and data sovereignty challenges added to the bewildering and growing selection of Cloud services mean that organisations need to take a strategic approach in realising this vision. As with all endeavours, choose your partners wisely.
Founded in 2005, Clearvision is an ISO 27001 certified Atlassian Platinum Solution Partner. Experts within the company have helped hundreds of businesses using the Atlassian stack with their consultancy, hosting, training, and support needs.
Enabling teams to reach their full potential is the company’s mantra, which is shown through the time and money saved by customers who need not compromise on quality.
Clearvision caters to Atlassian customers, in addition to providing services including ClearHost, its trusted hosting platform powered by Amazon Web Services (AWS), and ClearHub a platform for businesses searching for expert Jira, Confluence, and DevOps Contractors, anywhere in the world, with built-in technical support.
For more information, please visit www.clearvision-cm.com. Follow Clearvision on Twitter @clearvisioncm or LinkedIn at https://www.linkedin.com/company/clearvision/ to stay up to date with the latest announcements in the Atlassian ecosystem and beyond.