e-Residency card

Statistics released by the Republic of Estonia show the number of e-Resident applications now exceeds the yearly number of births in the country. According to official data, the total number of 2017 births to November was 10,269. By comparison there were 11,096 e-Residency applications for the same period.

Kaspar Korjus, Programme Lead, e-Residency said: “With over 27,000 e-Residency applications to date, we’ve seen the initiative’s popularity grow steadily since launch. e-Residency offers the freedom for every world citizen to easily start and run a global EU company from anywhere in the world, and as of October 2017, our e-Residents own over 4,000 enterprises.”

e-Residents and e-Residency

The project has, so far, attracted applications from over 150 countries. Finland tops the applicant list, with the UK coming in 5th place for the total number of submissions when ranked by country. Of those applying for e-Residency:

  • 41% submitted an application in order to start a location independent international business
  • 27% were looking to bring business to Estonia
  • 13% stated they were advocates of the initiative
  • 8% applied to benefit from the programme’s secure authentication technology.

Korjus concluded: “Estonia is the first country creating a borderless digital society for global citizens by offering e-Residency. Anyone, regardless of nationality or location, can apply for the transnational, government-issued digital identity and benefit from a platform built on inclusion, legitimacy, and transparency.

“Companies founded by e-Residents work in a range of industries. Of these sectors, business and management consultancy, computer programming, non-specialised trade, tech consultancy and business support services proved to be the most popular. By launching e-Residency, the Estonian government aimed to make Estonia bigger – to grow our digital economy and market with new customers, to spark innovation and attract new investments. We’re delighted with e-Residency’s progress to date; but are even more excited to see how the project will grow in the future.

Kaspar Korjus (https://www.linkedin.com/in/kasparkorjus/)
Kaspar Korjus

About e-Residency

Estonia is the first country to create a borderless digital society for global citizens, through its e-Residency. Anyone can apply for this transnational government-issued digital identity and benefit from the e-Residency platform. The latter is built on inclusion, legitimacy and transparency.

e-Residency allows access to Estonia’s public e-services and a variety of e-services provided by international service providers. This enables ‘world citizens’ to start and run a global EU company fully online from anywhere on the globe with internet access.

e-Residents can:

e-Residency caveats

e-Residency does not:

  • provide citizenship
  • tax residency
  • physical residency
  • the right to travel to Estonia (or the EU).

What does it mean

Launched in December 2014 the e-Residency programme has seen improvements based on the experience of existing e-Residents. At first it required four visits to Estonia in order to become an e-Resident, establish a company and open a bank account. Today it is possible to visit selected Estonian Embassies to sign-up.

In recognition of the potential of e-Residency to help unleash the world’s entrepreneurial potential, the programme has also partnered with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) to launch eTrade For All. This uses e-Residency to “empower entrepreneurs across the developing world and help them access e-commerce”.

All this sounds wonderful, and impressive. But there is a snag.

Many existing e-Residents must update their digital ID card certificates. This is due to a vulnerability in software previously installed on the embedded chip used in e-Residency ID cards (including those issued by Estonia between 16 October 2014 and 25 October 2017). Although this problem is international, and hardware related, handling the the risk and developing a solution is a top priority for Estonia since the government learned of the vulnerability.

On Friday, November 3rd all it suspended all affected certificates. As of Monday, 6th November, certificate renewal was not possible. By Wednesday, it was – which is pretty impressive for a deep technical problem. The revised certificate update relies on elliptic-curve cryptography, supposedly faster and more secure and faster than the SSL certificates previously used.

Nevertheless, even in a system as sophisticated as Estonia’s, and Estonia is streets ahead of most countries when it come to digital issues and security, it does confirm how hidden problems can unexpectedly emerge, even for e-Residents.

[Full disclosure: the author has e-Residency, had his certificates suspended on November 3rd and restored on November 8th.]


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Charles Brett is a business/technology analyst consultant. His specialist areas include enterprise software, blockchain and enterprise mobility tech (including metering). Specific industry sectors of interest and experience include finance (especially systems supporting wholesale finance), telecommunications and energy. Charles has spoken at multiple industry conferences, has written for numerous publications (including the London Times and the Financial Times). He was the General Chair of the bi-annual High Performance Systems Workshop, 2005. In addition he is an author and novelist. His Technology books include: Making the Most of Mobility Vol I (eBook, 2012); Explaining iTunes, iPhones and iPads for Windows Users (eBook, 2011); 5 Axes of Business Application Integration (2004). His published novels, in the Corruption Series, include: The HolyPhone Confessional Crisis, Corruption’s Price: A Spanish Deceit and Virginity Despoiled. The fourth in The Corruption Series - Resurrection - has is now available. Charles has a B.A. and M.A in Modern History from the University of Oxford. He has lived or worked in Italy, Abu Dhabi, South Africa, California and New York, Spain, Israel, Estonia and Cyprus.


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